Shelters are important, in planning consider the experience of your group. Your first experience should be in a
cabin, the next could be in a tent with a cabin nearby as a backup. Once you are comfortable with your
experience and training you can progress to other type of shelters.


· The key consideration - should be how will it help us train for more extensive cold weather trips


· Strength - to withstand wind and snow, rated to be a 4-season tent
· Ability to shed snow - roof line must allow snow to fall off, otherwise weight will cause a collapse
· Internal space - to allow for all the bulky gear brought along
· Rain fly - helps reduce condensation in the tent and provides better insulation (creates "dead" air space)
· Frost Liner - hung inside the tent, allows moisture to pass and provides another layer (insulation)
between you and the ice that forms due to condensation


· The key consideration - can they be sufficiently enclosed with tarps to further reduce the impact of the

Snow Shelters

· Fun and Useful - with proper supervision and precautions and adhering to low impact camping policies
· For experienced - winter campers, first timers should try it while camping in a cabin or tent first
· Safety issues - do not attempt if temperature is above freezing, research how to properly build these
shelters, proper ventilation is a very important factor, the snow must be allowed to set for 1 to 2 hours
before digging out the interior, keep digging tools inside for unexpected exit if necessary
· Quinzees - building snow mound shelters is a wet process, make sure you have waterproof gear on and
good shovels for making the mound and digging out
· Snow Cave - important to make sure ventilation is adequate
· Igloo - need snow of proper consistency to pack into hard blocks, takes a great deal of time and energy
· Snow Pit - combination of snow, staves and tarp
Archery, Indoor Range
Winter Camping
Bird Identification
Planning Your Winter Trip
Camping Trip Checklist
Your Body and the Cold
Fire Building Checklist
Personal Equipment
Sleeping Systems
Map Symbols
Orienteering Club Links
Orienteering Event
Camp Sanitation
Orienteering Training Outline
Safe Hiking
Tree Identification
Aquehonga Tree Trail
Snow Blindness
Back To Skills and Training Aids
Trench Foot

Boy Scout Handbook Copyright 1998 by the Boy Scouts of America
Field Book Copyright 1967, 1984 by the Boy Scouts of America
Okpik: Cold-Weather Camping Copyright 1990 by the Boy Scouts of America
OA Guide to Winter Camping Copyright 1995 Rick Curtis, Outdoor Action Program, Princeton University